Standard screening test: Skin examination

  • Incidence of melanoma has increased in both men and women over the past several decades, with recent increases of 2.3% per year in men between 2001 and 2010, and 2.9% per year among women between 2001 and 2010.
  • Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation through exposure to sunlight, tanning beds and sun lamps appears to be a major risk factor for melanoma.
  • Other risk factors include number and type of moles, having a fair complexion, personal and family history of skin cancer, a weakened immune system and a history of severe blistering sunburn.

Additional facts & information:

5 Year Survival

  • Stage 0 – no data
  • Stages 1&2 – 98%
  • Stage 3 – 62%
  • Stage 4 – 18% appears to be a major risk factor for melanoma.

About 13% of cases are diagnosed late at stage 3 or stage 4.