Standard screening test: NONE
- The majority of cancers of the uterus occur in the endometrium or lining of the uterus.
- Incidence of uterine cancer has increased by 2.6% per year among women since 2004.
- Risk factors include exposure to unopposed estrogen therapies. Reduced risk appears associated with a lower cumulative exposure to estrogen and/or higher exposure to progesterone, such as increasing number of full term pregnancies and shorter menstrual lifespan. Other risk factors include obesity, a genetic predisposition, diabetes, endometrial hyperplasia, chronic anovulation, previous pelvic radiation, estrogen-secreting ovarian tumours and hereditary non-polyposis colon cancer.
Additional facts & information:
5 Year Survival
- Stage 0 – no data
- Stages 1 & 2 – 95%
- Stage 3 – 69%
- Stage 4 – 17%
About 29% of cases are diagnosed late, at stage 3 or stage 4.